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How to Plane Wood Without a Planer?

Have you ever worked with wood which does not have the right thickness you are looking for? Well obviously if the wood is too thick for how it would be used; you would need a planer right? I guess you are looking for ways on how to plane wood without a planer that’s why you are reading this now. I will provide you with a step by step guide on how to do that and some videos would also be included to make this guide a lot easier for you. So sit back and relax and just read on.

What is a Wood Planer?

It is used to plane wood and gets the thickness that you need, there are lots of types of planes that can be used when doing this, and you better check out which one you would need. A wooden planer is much better than the metal ones since wood is obviously lighter. This would help you do the work a lot faster and not much tiring. Wood planning is also good if you want to lessen the amount of time you would use on working with the wood. If you would be planning instead of sanding, you would save yourself a lot of time sanding the wood later.

How to Plane Wood Without a Planer?

To get that thickness of wood you need, you would definitely need a planer. But what would you do if you do not have a planer or simply you do not want to use one? Since your main problem is how to plane wood without a planer,you can either use a power sander or sand the wood manually,

What is Sanding?

Sanding is using sand paper to achieve the thickness of the wood that you want. You might say it’s a slow process to do, but if you do not have any options left then you might consider doing this one. Using a power sander is a bit loud and you won’t be able to sand some tight corners, so we would be focusing manual sanding.

Choose the grit sizes that you need. Having 80, 120, 220 grit sizes is better. You would need to use a sand paper that isn’t too coarse to lessen the scratches that you would work on later.

1) Starting with 80 grit sized sand paper; scrape away the unwanted parts of the wood.

1) When you are done and you just need to take the scratches out, you can use 120 grit.

2) For the last part, you can smoothen the surface of the wood by using a 220 grit sand paper.

Watch this video for more information about sanding:


I know it is quite tiring to do this job. You can make sanding easier if you would use a sanding block. It takes less effort to get that smooth finish. Just take a block of wood and put the sand paper you would use under the block and start sanding. Gluing a thin layer of cork under the wood block would also help. When reaching tight corners, you can wrap a sand paper around a putty blade to do the job.

If you would be using a power sander to lessen the wood’s surface, make it two instead of just one. Working with two sanders is way faster but keep in mind that you must keep them close to each other. Working on separate parts of the wood would either miss some spots or over sand others.

When sanding manually, moving faster and pressing harder is the key to sand faster. But doing this on a sander would slow down your sanding process. Pushing the sander too hard and moving too fast would make some swirling patterns which you would work on (again) later. The weight of your arm is good enough and moving an inch every second would do.


There you have it, my guide and tips on how to plane wood without a planer. I would like to add that sanding would be great if you would only need to take out a thin layer from the wood you would be working on. If you need to take out a thick part of the wood, I suggest you use a planer to make the work a lot faster. Hope you learned something from this article. You might want to read these other articles for more information about sanding.

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